Professor of Philosophy
Ave Maria University, 2010-present
Professor of Philosophy and Director of Integrative Research
Institute for the Psychological Sciences, 2008-2010
Associate Professor of Philosophy
Clark University 1995-2008
Assistant Professor of Philosophy
Clark University 1988-1994
Visiting Professor of Philosophy
Pontificia Università della Santa Croce (Rome, Italy), 2009
Visiting Associate Professor of Philosophy
The Catholic University of America, 2007-9
Brown University 1998, 2000, 2005
Visiting Assistant Professor of Philosophy
Brown University 1994
Cambridge University, 2003 (Classics)
Harvard University, 2002-3 (Philosophy)
University of St. Andrews, 1997 (Public Philosophy)
Brown University, 1996-7 (Classics and Philosophy)
Ph.D., Philosophy, 1988, Harvard University
“Aristotle’s Theory of Friendship” (dissertation)
John Rawls, Sarah Broadie, Alison McIntyre (committee)
M.Litt., Philosophy, 1982, University of Edinburgh
“Hume’s Naturalism and the Argument from Design” (thesis)
Ronald Hepburn, Peter Jones (committee)
Anthony Flew (external examiner)
A.B., Philosophy, 1980, Harvard College
“Philosophical Interpretations of Psychiatry” (thesis)
Burton Dreben (supervisor)
AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION
Aristotle; Plato; Ancient Philosophy; St. Thomas Aquinas; Hume and Scottish Philosophy; Ethics; Political Philosophy; Rawls
AREAS OF COMPETENCE
Philosophy of Psychology; History of Moral Philosophy; History of Modern Philosophy; Medieval Philosophy; Early Analytic Philosophy; Quine
Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle (with Giles Pearson), Oxford University Press, 2011.
Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: An Introduction, Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Nicomachean Ethics VIII and IX, translation with commentary, Clarendon Aristotle Series, 1998.
Other Selves: Philosophers on Friendship, Hackett, 1991.
Books in Progress
Aristotle’s Psychological Writings (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy series)
Papers in Ancient Philosophy
“Aristotle” in the Cambridge History of Moral Philosophy (forthcoming)
“On the Virtue of Epieikeia in Aristotle’s Ethics: Response to Francesca Piazza: La Virtu di Emone, Riflessioni sull’ epieikeia greca,” Aevum Antiquum, forthcoming 2013.
“Reading Aristotle,” in James Warren and F.C.C. Sheffield, eds., The Routledge Companion to Ancient Philosophy, 2013.
“Structure and Method in Aquinas’s Appropriation of Aristotelian Ethical Theory”, in Tobias Hoffmann, Jörn Müller, and Matthias Perkams , eds., Thomas Aquinas and the Nicomachean Ethics, Cambridge University Press, 2013.
“Aristotle on Human Rights,” Ave Maria Law Review, vol. 10.1, Spring 2012.
“Mixed Actions and Double Effect”, in M. Pakaluk and G. Pearson, Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle, Oxford University Press, 2011, 211-32.
“The Unity of the Nicomachean Ethics,” in Jon Miller, ed., Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide, Cambridge University Press, 2011.
“Aristotle, Natural Law, and the Founders,” on the NEH supported website, Natural Law, Natural Rights, and American Constitutionalism, http://www.nlnrac.org/classical/aristotle.
“The Ultimate Final Argument,” Review of Metaphysics, 63.3, 2010, 643-677.
“The Great Question of Practical Truth—and a Diminutive Answer,” Acta Philosophica, 19.1, 2010. 145-59.
“Friendship,” in Georgios Anagnostopoulos, ed., Blackwell Companion to Aristotle, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, pp. 471-82.
“Aristotle’s Ethics”, in M.L. Gill and P. Pellegrin, eds., Blackwell Companion to Ancient Philosophy, Blackwell, 2006, 374-392.
“Socratic Magnanimity in the Phaedo,” Ancient Philosophy, Spring 2004, 101-117.
“The Meaning of Aristotelian Magnanimity,” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Spring 2004, pp. 241-275.
“Degrees of Separation in the Phaedo,” Phronesis, vol. 48, 2003, pp. 1-27.
“On an Alleged Contradiction in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics,” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy , vol. 20 (spring), 2002, pp. 201-219.
“The Egalitarianism of the Eudemian Ethics,” Classical Quarterly, vol. 48, n. 2, 1998, pp. 411-432.
“EN VIII.9, 1160a14-30,” Classical Quarterly, 44 (n.s.), 1994, pp. 46-56.
“Political Friendship, Ancient and Modern,” in Lee Rouner, ed., Proceedings of the Boston University Institute for Philosophy and Religion, 1992-3, University of Notre Dame Press, 197-214.
“Friendship and the Comparison of Goods,” Phronesis 37, 1992, pp. 111-130.
Other Philosophical Papers (select)
“Some Observations on Natural Law” in Diametros, 2013.
“From Natural Law to Natural Rights in John Locke,” in The Modern Turn, Catholic University of America Press, forthcoming 2014.
“The Liberalism of John Rawls: A Brief Exposition”, in C. Wolfe and J. Hittinger, eds., Liberalism at the Crossroads: An Introduction to Liberal Political Theory and Its Critics, Rowman and Littlefield, substantially revised, 2nd edition, 2003, 1-20.
“A Defense of Scottish Commonsense,” Philosophical Quarterly , vol. 52, 2002, 151-168. (Reprinted in John Haldane and Stephen Read, eds. The Philosophy of Thomas Reid: A Collection of Essays, Blackwell, 2003.)
“Natural Law and Civil Society,” in Simone Chambers and Will Kymlicka, eds., Alternative Conceptions of Civil Society, Princeton University Press, 2002, 131-150.
“Is the Common Good of Political Society Limited and Instrumental?” Review of Metaphysics, vol. 55, 2001, pp. 799-816.
“The Interpretation of Bertrand Russell’s Gray’s Elegy Argument,” in A. Irvine and G. Wedeking, eds. Bertrand Russell and Analytic Philosophy, University of Toronto Press, 1994, 37-65.
“The Doctrine of Relations in Russell’s Principles of Mathematics,” Tópicos, Spring 1992, 153-182.
“Quine’s 1946 Lectures on Hume,” Journal of the History of Philosophy, 27, 1989, pp. 445-459.
“Cleanthes’ Case for Theism,” Sophia, 27, pp. 11-19, April 1988.
“Philosophical ‘Types’ in Hume’s Dialogues,” in V. Hope, ed., Philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment, Edinburgh University Press, 1984, 116-132.
Commentaries and Reviews (select)
J. Miller, The Reception of Aristotle’s Ethics, in Ethics, forthcoming.
J. Echeñique, Aristotle’s Ethics and Moral Responsibility, in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, forthcoming.
E. Garver, Aristotle’s Politics, reviewed in Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 2013.
C. Shields, Aristotle, reviewed in the Journal of Hellenic Studies, 2012.
E. Salem, In Pursuit of the Good: Intellect and Action in Aristotle’s Ethics, in Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2010.04.06.
G.E.M. Anscombe, Faith in a Hard Ground, (with Nic Teh) reviewed in New Blackfriars, July 2010.
C.C. W. Taylor, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics II-IV, reviewed in Classical Review, 60:1, Fall 2009.
D. Sedley, ed., Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, vol. XVII, Summer 2004, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2006 (3.10).
R. King, Aristotle on Life and Death, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical
Review, 2004 (6.10).
D. Sedley, ed., Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume XVII, 1999,
reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2001 (7.22).
R. Weiss, Socrates Dissatisfied, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2000 (6.25).
J. Howland, The Paradox of Political Philosophy, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2000 (2.36).
A. Tessitore, Aristotle on Virtue and Politics, reviewed in Ancient Philosophy 18, 1998.
P. Simpson, The Politics of Aristotle, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 1998 (1.21).
M. McPherran, The Religion of Socrates, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 1997 (12.11).
S. P. Menn, Plato on God as Nous, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 1997 (12.12).
P. Vander Waerdt, The Socratic Movement, reviewed in Ancient Philosophy 17, 1997.
O. Leaman, ed. Friendship East and West: Philosophical Perspectives, reviewed in the Times Literary Supplement, March 21, 1997.
A. Kenny, Aristotle on the Perfect Life, reviewed in Ancient Philosophy 15, 1995.
PRESENTATIONS AND LECTURES (select)
Philosophical Presentations (select)
“Nicomachean Ethics 1174b14-1175a3,” Workshop on Pleasure in the Nicomachean Ethics, Université Louvain la Neuve, February 14-15, 2012.
“Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean Reconsidered,” conference “In the Footsteps of the Ancients” in honor of Sarah Waterlow Broadie, St. Andrews University, St. Andrews, Scotland, Nov. 5-6, 2011.
“The Family as Containing the Archai of Political Society,” Wheately Institution, Brigham Young University, September 15, 2011.
“Newman on Participation,” Thomistic Studies Colloquium, Washington, D.C., March 11, 2011.
“From Natural Law to Natural Rights in John Locke,” Fall Lecture Series, “The Modern Turn,” The Catholic University of America, November 12, 2010.
“The Appeal to Nature and the Household in Aristotle, Politics I,” 10th Philosophy in Assos Conference, Assos, Turkey, June 29, 2010.
“The Definitional Priority of Agent to Act,” conference on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Book VI: Intertwining Interpretations, University of Patras, Department of Philosophy 10th Anniversary Conference, Patras, Greece, June 26, 2010.
“Neuroscience and Friendship,” Newman Lecture Series, Potomac Institute, Arlington, Virginia, May 21, 2010.
“The Sixth and Seventh Ways”, Thomistic Studies Colloquium, Washington D.C., March 12, 2010.
“Accounting Professionalism and IFRS Convergence,” Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), Norwalk, CT, July 21, 2009.
“Natural and Conventional Justice in Nicomachean Ethics V.7,” Campus Martius Seminar, Acton Institute, Rome, Italy, 28 May 2009.
“The Individuation of the Virtues in Aristotle’s Ethics,” ‘White Russians’ Seminar, Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, Italy, 20 May 2009.
“The Great Question—and a Diminutive Answer: On ‘Practical Truth’ in Aristotle,” Faculty of Philosophy, Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, Rome, Italy, 23 April 2009.
“Practical Truth in Anscombe and Aristotle”, International Conference on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, book VI, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 15-17 October 2008.
“De Anima 404b7-30: Cognition as a Mark of the Soul”, Mayweek Seminar, Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, 27 May 2008.
“Observations on the Right to Property,” Conference on Competition and the Free Market, Hayek Society, University of Vienna, 5 May 2008.
“Necessitation and Double Effect in Nic. Eth. III.1”, Philosophy Department, University of Maryland, 18 April 2008.
“To Die For?—Happiness and Aristotelian Courage”, Philosophy Department, George Washington University, 28 March 2008.
“Reply to ‘Aquinas on Judging Injustice’”, Eastern Division APA, Baltimore, MD, 29 December 2007.
“Aristotle and the Runaway Chariot Problem,” Faculty of Philosophy, Cambridge University, 24 April 2007.
“The Dignity of the Human Person and the Philosophy of John Rawls”, Conference on the Philosophical Foundations of Human Dignity, Ralph McInerny Center, Washington, D.C., 3 March 2006.
“The Ultimate Final Argument”, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, 17 November 2006.
“Magnitudo Animi in Cicero’s De Officiis”, Mayweek Seminar, Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, 31 May 2006.
“De Somniis 2,” Mayweek Seminar, Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, I June 2005.
“Aristotle and Moral Absolutes” Department of Philosophy, Universidad Panamericana, Mexico City, January 28, 2005.
“The Meaning of Aristotelian Magnanimity,” Department of Philosophy, University of Texas at Austin, 2 March 2004; B Club, Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, 12 May 2003.
“Plato, Alcibiades I”, New York City Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, 11 October 2003.
“De Sensu 4,” Mayweek Seminar, Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, 28 May 2003.
“‘Silencing’ in Platonic Ethics”, Eighth Annual Arizona Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 23 February 2003.
“The Ultimate Final Argument”, Conference on Mind and Nature in the Ancient World, University of California, Davis, 4 October 2002.
“Degrees of Separation in the Phaedo”, 25th Annual Workshop in Ancient Philosophy, University of Texas, Austin, 23 March 2002.
“Reply to Stephen Gardiner on ‘Basic and Non-Basic Virtues’,” American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 31 March 2001.
“Commentary on Jennifer Whiting,” Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Boston College, 30 November 2000.
“Nicomachean Ethics VIII.1-7,” New York City Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, NYU, 14 October 2000.
“Commentary on John Sisko,” Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Brown University, 16 March 2000.
“The Development of John Rawls’ Political Philosophy,” Conference on Law and Religion, Centre for Renewal in Public Policy, Montebello, Quebec, 15-18 October 1999.
“Is There a Specifically Political Common Good in Aquinas?” Conference on the Common Good, University of Notre Dame Law School, 8 November 1997.
“Aristotle on Reflective Perception and Friendship: Nicomachean Ethics IX.9”, Brown University Department of Classics, 16 April 1997.
“Plato’s Lysis and Platonic lysis,” Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy, Annual Meeting, Binghamton, New York, 22 October 1995.
“How the Problem of Egoism and Altruism Appeared to Aristotle,” Brown University Philosophy Department, 20 April 1995.
“Eudemian vs. Nicomachean Friendship,” Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy, Binghamton, New York, October 1993.
“Romantic Individualism: The Role of Individuality in Liberal Political Theory”, Conference on Problems of Contemporary Liberalism, American Public Philosophy Institute, Princeton University, Jun 1992.
“The Interpretation of Bertrand Russell’s Gray’s Elegy Argument,” Conference on “Bertrand Russell and the Rise of Analytic Philosophy,” University of British Colombia, Vancouver, Canada, June 1991.
“Quine’s Lectures on Hume,” Hume Society Conference, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 1984.
History of Ancient Philosophy, Aristotle Seminar, Plato Seminar, Plato’s Phaedo, Plato’s Republic, Plato’s Sophist, Aristotle’s Ethics, Arguments from Aristotle, Aristotle’s Psychology, History of Medieval Philosophy, Metaphysics, Analytic Metaphysics, Hume Seminar, History of Modern Philosophy, John Locke, Origins of Analytic Philosophy, Philosophy of Logic, Introduction to Logic, Intermediate Logic, Philosophy of Language, J.L. Austin and Ordinary Language Philosophy, Contemporary Moral Theory, Law and Morality, The Philosophy of John Henry Newman, Philosophy of Human Nature, The 20th Century Catholic Intellectual Renaissance
Chairman, Ave Maria University Philosophy Department, 2010-present
Director, Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy (BACAP), 1993-2008
Dean of Faculty, Neuwaldegg Institute, Educational Initiative for Central and Eastern Europe, Schloss Neuwaldegg, Vienna, Austria, 2005-8
Member of Faculty, Center for Cultural Renewal, Korcula Institute, Korcula, Croatia, 2010-11
Director, Worcester Public Library, 1994-2000
Founder and Trustee, Abby Kelley Foster Regional Charter School, Worcester, Mass., 1996-2002
Clark University: Faculty Adviser; Admissions Committee; University Judicial Board; College Board; Philosophy Club Advisor; Philosophy Department Library Liaison; Information Technology Committee; Honorary Degree Committee
Ave Maria University: Faculty Adviser for the Gyrene Gazette, Philosophy Club, and In Vino Sanitas (wine club)
EDITORIAL CONSULTING (select)
Ancient Philosophy; Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie; Australasian Journal of Philosophy; Blackwell; Cambridge University Press; Canadian Journal of Philosophy; Catholic University of America Press; Classical Bulletin; Cornell University Press; History of Political Thought Journal; Hume Studies; Idealistic Studies; Journal of Moral Philosophy; Journal of Philosophical Research; Mind; Noûs; Oxford University Press; Pacific Philosophical Quarterly; Philosophical Quarterly; Philosophy and Phenomenological Research; Phoenix; Review of Politics; Routledge; Synthese, Topicos, WW Norton & Company
AWARDS AND HONORS (select)
Ordinarius, Pontifical Academy of Saint Thomas Aquinas
Junior Year Phi Beta Kappa
2010-11 Ave Maria University “Refiner’s Fire” Award (for rigor and workload in teaching)
2011-12 Ave Maria University Faculty Adviser of the Year